The Most Incredible Bamboo Woodworking Ever
How to make a Bamboo Basket Box & Basketware:
1. Cutting and Washing
Since the raw material madake bamboo is minimally processed, the selection of bamboo is very important. After one year of growth, the thickness and height of a bamboo do not change, but with age the color and hardness change; bamboo aged 3 to 5 years is the best for bamboo ware. In November and December, the best time to cut high quality bamboo with little insect damage, enough bamboo for a year is cut with a bamboo cutting saw.
The bamboo is cleaned up with a scouring brush to remove dirt before splitting.
2. Splitting the Bamboo
The bamboo is split to 1 cm or so in width. Since bamboo has strong vertical fibers, it is easily cut with a hatchet. Round strips are made from a tough layer close to the outer layer. The strips are shaved and thinned by hatchet.
3. Determining the Thickness
Trim the thickness by using a tool called Sendai
4. Making Strips (1)
A small knife is used to make a fine slit in the bamboo, which is then split further by a push of the hand. The tip is thinly shaved to a point.
5. Making Strips (2)
The shaved bamboo strips are made round by pulling them through a series of ever diminishing holes in an iron plate; from large to small, and from a coarse finish to a medium and then a smooth finished fine round strip.
Twenty to thirty bamboo strips are laid upon an electric-heated curved iron plate and bent. Uneven bending will affect the finished work, so the task requires much skill and care. Curved irons vary in size from 2 to 15 cm in diameter and are used to bend the strips in accordance with the curves of the design.
7. Making the Base Ring
A doran (a metal cylinder) is heated over a gas stove, and a bamboo strip is wound around it to make a ring. After holding the bamboo around the cylinder for about 20 seconds, it is cooled and shaped within a samashi frame to create a beautiful ring. The ends of the bamboo ring are cut diagonally and joined by applying a special glue and distinctive tsugite technique to make the joint virtually invisible.
The bamboo ring is marked and holes are individually machine-drilled; slightly changing the angle of the hole will create a different effect when the weaving is completed.
The basic weaving method of Suruga Take Sensuji Zaiku is gozame-ami (mat plaiting). Higos are split to produce two types from the white inner layer. They are alternately woven to create simple but tasteful designs.
Round strips are inserted in the ring holes and by careful bending and manipulation, the work slowly takes form; Suruga Bamboo Ware are renowned for their elegant curves and shapes.
This method is called Tsugite for complete product.
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